Installing Red on Linux or Mac


For safety reasons, DO NOT install Red with a root user. If you are unsure how to create a new user, see the man page for the useradd command.

Installing the pre-requirements

Please install the pre-requirements using the commands listed for your operating system.

The pre-requirements are:
  • Python 3.7.0 or greater
  • pip 9.0 or greater
  • git
  • Java Runtime Environment 8 or later (for audio support)

Arch Linux

sudo pacman -Syu python-pip git base-devel jre8-openjdk

CentOS 7, Fedora, and RHEL

yum -y groupinstall development
yum -y install
sudo yum install zlib-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel readline-devel sqlite sqlite-devel \
openssl-devel xz xz-devel libffi-devel git2u java-1.8.0-openjdk

Complete the rest of the installation by installing Python 3.7 with pyenv.

Debian and Raspbian Stretch


Audio will not work on Raspberry Pi’s below 2B. This is a CPU problem and cannot be fixed.

We recommend installing pyenv as a method of installing non-native versions of python on Debian/Raspbian Stretch. This guide will tell you how. First, run the following commands:

sudo apt install -y make build-essential libssl-dev zlib1g-dev libbz2-dev \
libreadline-dev libsqlite3-dev wget curl llvm libncurses5-dev libncursesw5-dev \
xz-utils tk-dev libffi-dev liblzma-dev python3-openssl git unzip default-jre

Complete the rest of the installation by installing Python 3.7 with pyenv.


Install Brew: in Finder or Spotlight, search for and open Terminal. In the terminal, paste the following, then press Enter:

/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL"

After the installation, install the required packages by pasting the commands and pressing enter, one-by-one:

brew install python --with-brewed-openssl
brew install git
brew tap caskroom/versions
brew cask install homebrew/cask-versions/adoptopenjdk8

It’s possible you will have network issues. If so, go in your Applications folder, inside it, go in the Python 3.7 folder then double click Install certificates.command

Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver and 18.10 Cosmic Cuttlefish

sudo apt install python3.7 python3.7-dev python3.7-venv python3-pip build-essential \
libssl-dev libffi-dev git unzip default-jre -y

Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus

We recommend adding the deadsnakes apt repository to install Python 3.7 or greater:

sudo apt install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:deadsnakes/ppa
sudo apt update

Now, install python, pip, git and java with the following commands:

sudo apt install python3.7 python3.7-dev build-essential libssl-dev libffi-dev git \
unzip default-jre curl -y
curl | sudo python3.7

Installing Python with pyenv

On distributions where Python 3.7 needs to be compiled from source, we recommend the use of pyenv. This simplifies the compilation process and has the added bonus of simplifying setting up Red in a virtual environment.

curl -L | bash

After this command, you may see a warning about ‘pyenv’ not being in the load path. Follow the instructions given to fix that, then close and reopen your shell.

Then run the following command:

CONFIGURE_OPTS=--enable-optimizations pyenv install 3.7.2 -v

This may take a long time to complete, depending on your hardware. For some machines (such as Raspberry Pis and micro-tier VPSes), it may take over an hour; in this case, you may wish to remove the CONFIGURE_OPTS=--enable-optimizations part from the front of the command, which will drastically reduce the install time. However, be aware that this will make Python run about 10% slower.

After that is finished, run:

pyenv global 3.7.2

Pyenv is now installed and your system should be configured to run Python 3.7.

Creating a Virtual Environment

We strongly recommend installing Red into a virtual environment. See the section Installing Red in a Virtual Environment.

Installing Red

Choose one of the following commands to install Red.


If you’re not inside an activated virtual environment, include the --user flag with all python3.7 -m pip commands.

To install without audio support:

python3.7 -m pip install -U Red-DiscordBot

Or, to install with audio support:

python3.7 -m pip install -U Red-DiscordBot[voice]

Or, install with audio and MongoDB support:

python3.7 -m pip install -U Red-DiscordBot[voice,mongo]


To install the development version, replace Red-DiscordBot in the above commands with the following link:


Setting Up and Running Red

After installation, set up your instance with the following command:


This will set the location where data will be stored, as well as your storage backend and the name of the instance (which will be used for running the bot).

Once done setting up the instance, run the following command to run Red:

redbot <your instance name>

It will walk through the initial setup, asking for your token and a prefix. You can find out how to obtain a token with this guide, section “Creating a Bot Account”.

You may also run Red via the launcher, which allows you to restart the bot from discord, and enable auto-restart. You may also update the bot from the launcher menu. Use the following command to run the launcher: