Installing Red on Linux or Mac


For safety reasons, DO NOT install Red with a root user. If you are unsure how to create a new user, see the man page for the useradd command.

Installing the pre-requirements

Please install the pre-requirements using the commands listed for your operating system.

The pre-requirements are:
  • Python 3.6.2 or greater
  • pip 9.0 or greater
  • git
  • Java Runtime Environment 8 or later (for audio support)

Arch Linux

sudo pacman -Syu python-pip git base-devel jre8-openjdk

CentOS 7

yum -y groupinstall development
yum -y install
yum -y install yum-utils wget which python36u python36u-pip python36u-devel openssl-devel libffi-devel git java-1.8.0-openjdk

Debian and Raspbian Stretch


Audio will not work on Raspberry Pi’s below 2B. This is a CPU problem and cannot be fixed.

We recommend installing pyenv as a method of installing non-native versions of python on Debian/Raspbian Stretch. This guide will tell you how. First, run the following commands:

sudo apt install -y make build-essential libssl-dev zlib1g-dev libbz2-dev libreadline-dev libsqlite3-dev wget curl llvm libncurses5-dev libncursesw5-dev xz-utils tk-dev libffi-dev git unzip default-jre
curl -L | bash

After that last command, you may see a warning about ‘pyenv’ not being in the load path. Follow the instructions given to fix that, then close and reopen your shell.

Then run the following command:

CONFIGURE_OPTS=--enable-optimizations pyenv install 3.7.0 -v

This may take a long time to complete.

After that is finished, run:

pyenv global 3.7.0

Pyenv is now installed and your system should be configured to run Python 3.7.


Install Brew: in Finder or Spotlight, search for and open Terminal. In the terminal, paste the following, then press Enter:

/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL"

After the installation, install the required packages by pasting the commands and pressing enter, one-by-one:

brew install python3 --with-brewed-openssl
brew install git
brew tap caskroom/versions
brew cask install java8

Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver

sudo apt install python3.6-dev python3-pip build-essential libssl-dev libffi-dev git unzip default-jre -y

Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus

We recommend adding the deadsnakes apt repository to install Python 3.6.2 or greater:

sudo apt install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:deadsnakes/ppa
sudo apt update

Now, install python, pip, git and java with the following commands:

sudo apt install python3.6-dev build-essential libssl-dev libffi-dev git unzip default-jre wget -y
sudo python3.6

Creating a Virtual Environment

We strongly recommend installing Red into a virtual environment. See the section Installing Red in a Virtual Environment.

Installing Red

Choose one of the following commands to install Red.


If you’re not inside an activated virtual environment, include the --user flag with all pip3 commands.

To install without audio support:

pip3 install -U Red-DiscordBot

Or, to install with audio support:

pip3 install -U Red-DiscordBot[voice]

Or, install with audio and MongoDB support:

pip3 install -U Red-DiscordBot[voice,mongo]


To install the development version, replace Red-DiscordBot in the above commands with the following link:

git+[email protected]/develop#egg=Red-DiscordBot

Setting Up and Running Red

After installation, set up your instance with the following command:


This will set the location where data will be stored, as well as your storage backend and the name of the instance (which will be used for running the bot).

Once done setting up the instance, run the following command to run Red:

redbot <your instance name>

It will walk through the initial setup, asking for your token and a prefix.

You may also run Red via the launcher, which allows you to restart the bot from discord, and enable auto-restart. You may also update the bot from the launcher menu. Use the following command to run the launcher: